In the end, all parties recognized the need to « prevent, minimize and address losses and damages, » but in particular any mention of compensation or liability is excluded.  The Convention also takes up the Warsaw International Loss and Damage Mechanism, an institution that will attempt to answer questions about how to classify, address and co-responsible losses.  The objective of the agreement is to reduce global warming described in Article 2 by improving the « implementation » of the UNFCCC, recognizing that many developing countries and small island states that have contributed the least to climate change could suffer the most from its consequences, the Paris Agreement contains a plan for industrialized countries and others capable of doing so. Climate change. The agreement builds on the financial commitments of the 2009 Copenhagen Accord, which aimed to increase public and private climate finance to developing countries to $100 billion per year by 2020. (To put it in perspective, in 2017 alone, global military spending amounted to about $1.7 trillion, more than a third of which came from the United States. The Copenhagen Pact also created the Green Climate Fund to mobilize transformation funding with targeted public dollars. The Paris agreement expected the world to set a higher annual target by 2025 to build on the $100 billion target by 2020 and create mechanisms to achieve this. The level of the NDC set by each country will determine the objectives of that country. However, the « contributions » themselves are not binding under international law because of the lack of specificity, normative nature or language necessary to establish binding standards.  In addition, there will be no mechanism to compel a country to set a target in its NDC on a specified date and not for an application if a defined target is not achieved in an NDC.
  There will be only a « Name and Shame » system  or as UN Deputy Secretary General for Climate Change, J. Pésztor, CBS News (US), a « Name and Encouragement » plan.  Since the agreement has no consequences if countries do not live up to their commitments, such a consensus is fragile.