Standard work instructions are sets of directives which have the force of a directive and which cover the characteristics of operations adapted to a specific or standardised procedure without loss of efficiency (Saxena). Many activities use checklists to ensure that the steps are followed in order. Checklists are also used to document completed actions. All checklists or forms involved in an activity should be referenced at the points of the procedure to be used and then attached to the SOP (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2007). Symbols, colors and shapes used for graphics should comply with industry standards (Health and Safety Executive). The goal of an SOP is to achieve operations correctly and always in the same way. A SOP should be available at the location where the work is performed. GIS supports the advancement of the ongoing application of processes and procedures, so that organizations avoid inconsistencies and security risks even in the event of personnel changes (Frank, D. 2010). Standard work instructions or SOCs are step-by-step written procedures that use quality control (QC) systems, quality assurance units (QA) and production units to ensure the accuracy and precision of the quantitative experimental results and materials they generate and provide for the support of other units. SOPs are necessary to ensure process continuity, to achieve quality performance and quality products/preparations (Natural Resources Management and Environment Dept.). GIS are living documents containing written instructions describing the specific steps to be followed in all activities under defined conditions (Jain, SK. 2008). They are used to achieve standardization in the performance of certain functions and are used to define how practices and procedures are to be implemented.
ISPs are written instructions and records of procedures agreed and adopted as standard practice (Cardiff University, 2009). SOPs are necessary to ensure the progress of processes in order to obtain quality performance and quality products/preparations (Jain, SK. 2008). A Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) document is a routine or repetitive activity that an organization follows. SOPs describe technical and administrative operational elements of an organization that, within the framework of a quality assurance project plan and the quality management plan of an organization (Almeida S.L.) (United States Environmental Protection Agency 2001). When updating an SOP, you can choose a number of different ways to organize and format them. Certain factors determine the type of SOP to use or create: how many decisions does the user have to make during the process? What are the steps and steps of the procedure? Routine procedures, which are short and require few decisions, can be written in the format of simple steps. Long procedures, which consist of more than 10 steps, with little choice, should be written at the same time as graphic formats or hierarchical steps. Procedures that require many decisions should be written with a flowchart….