Environmental Agreements Introduction

1.6 In recent years, the federal government has launched a program to improve the effectiveness of public sector management and accountability and is committed to focusing more on results achieved through the use of public funds. In this context, we examined accountability for the results of five international agreements. 1.127 In all cases, with the exception of the MARPOL Agreement, the responsible services indicated that they were conducting periodic performance checks to assess environmental outcomes on the basis of expected results. However, none of the departments had clear documentation of the findings of these audits. 1.16 Because international environmental agreements reflect the federal government`s major environmental policy, Canadians should know what has been achieved and what has not been achieved through these agreements. In line with the federal agenda and commitments, we are committed to reviewing accountability for the outcome of some international environmental agreements. Part One Introduction 1. An international environmental policy is taking shape in Part II Air Pollution 2. Long-distance transport of air pollutants in Europe 3. International Ozone Policy 4.

International Climate Cooperation Part III Ocean Management 5. Maritime Act 6. North Sea pollution control 7. Fishing Policy Part IV Nature and Biodiversity Protection 8th Convention on Biological Diversity 9. Planting contract 10. International Forestry Policy Part V Conclusions 11. Ideals and practices for international environmental policy 1.5 International environmental agreements are important because they allow countries to cooperate in addressing key environmental issues that are cross-border or global, such as air pollution, climate change, ozone protection and marine pollution. In Canada, the quality of our environment depends not only on what we do at home, but also on activities outside our borders. Our national measures alone are often not enough to protect our environment, our resources and our health. We need to work with other countries to find common solutions to international environmental problems that directly affect us.

1.13 In Canada, Parliament and Canadians do not always have adequate information on the progress made under our agreements. In our 1998 report, Chapter 2, Working Globally – Canada`s International Environmental Commitments, we noted that Canada does not always have an overview of how it works in implementing its international environmental commitments.