The Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA) for Geographic Cooperation is essentially a proposed communication agreement between the U.S. Department of Defense`s National Geospatial Intelligence Agency and the Indian Government Department of Defense. This article is based on « The Delhi-DC strategic dance » published in the Hindustan Times on 27.10.2020. It discusses the impact of the signing of the basic agreement on trade and cooperation between India and the United States on the signing of the Exchange and Cooperation Agreement in the context of geographic data research (BASIC). New Delhi: India and the United States intend to sign an important pact, the Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement (BECA), for geographic cooperation before the NOVEMBER 3 presidential elections. The signing of the BECA marks the end of the long period of mutual trust and provides the conditions for broader security cooperation. The pact, which will allow the two countries to exchange military information and strengthen their defence partnership, is likely to be signed in the third round of Tuesday`s 2-2 dialogue. On 23 October 2013, India and China signed nine agreements/memorandum of understanding (Memorandum of Understanding), including the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA). The main objective of the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement is to avoid border tensions and military counter-attacks along the Effective Line of Control (LAC) by deciding that neither side will use military capabilities to attack the other side, nor to strengthen patrols along the border. Other agreements/Memorandum of Understanding (Memorandum of Understanding) were the management of Trans-Border Rivers, MoU on Nalanda University, Cultural Exchange Programme 2013-15, MoU on Cooperation in Road Transport and Highways, MoU on Power Equipment Service Centres in India, agreement between Delhi-Beijing on the establishment of sister city relations, agreement between Kolkata – Kunming on building relations with sister cities.
Strengths of the Border Defence Cooperation Agreement (BDCA) – India and China cooperate in the area of border defence, based on their respective bilateral laws and agreements. The two countries agreed on the exchange of information, including on military exercises. Aircraft, demolition operations and unmarked mines – and take consistent measures that promote the maintenance of peace, stability and tranquility along the effective line of control in the border regions between India and China. The two countries agreed not to monitor or expel patrols on the other side in areas where there is no common understanding of the effective line of control in the border regions between India and China. In these cases, clarification is obtained and responses are transmitted through one of the mechanisms defined under this agreement. both parties exercise maximum self-limitation, refrain from provocative action, do not use force or threaten to use violence against the other party, treat each other with courtesy, and prevent the exchange of fires or armed conflicts.