Algonquins Of Barriere Lake Trilateral Agreement

Neither Canada nor Quebec respects the agreement. Instead, Canada attempted to undermine it by undermining the usual governance of Barriere Lake. The Canadian government`s latest attempt is to violently assimilate Barriere Lake`s usual system of governance by using an archaic and rarely enforced Indian law, Section 74. The Community leads the strength of the Algonquin language, culture and protection of the country to the perseverance of its own system of government, the Mitchikanibikok Anishinabe Onakinakewin. By severing the link between the Algonquins and the country, the Canadian and Quebec authorities hope to get away with violating resource use agreements by authorizing cuttage and other resource extraction activities in their traditional territory. On 31 January 2005, the Council Group appointed a co-manager to assist the Council Group in the development and implementation of a recovery plan. On April 18, 2006, the department approved the recovery plan submitted by the Band Council. However, on June 2, 2006, the Barriere Lake Band Council terminated the co-manager`s contract, which had an impact on the provision of essential programs and services to the Community, the implementation of the recovery plan and the agreements negotiated with creditors. The Algonquins of Barriere Lake and the Government of Quebec sign a bilateral agreement on an approach and process to complement the Integrated Resource Management Plan Initiative. In order to protect the water, forest, plants and wildlife on which the Algonquin population itself depends, the Barrier Lake community negotiated and signed a 10,000-square-kilometre sustainable co-management agreement with Canada and Quebec in 1991. This trilateral agreement recognizes the right of the Algonquins of Barrier Lake to have a decisive say in development on their territory and a modest share of some $1.5 million of the $100 million in annual revenues from derinine, hydropower and tourism activities under the trilateral agreement.

The agreement was hailed by the United Nations and the Royal Aboriginal Commission as an « ecological and single-use pioneer » between indigenous peoples and states. The Michikanibikok Inik (The Algonquins of Barriere Lake signed a historic trilateral agreement with Quebec and Canada in 1991 to establish an unprecedented system of sustainable development and eco-management on 10,000 square kilometres of their unique traditional territory, on which they assert Aboriginal titles and rights. In addition, Barriere Lake and Quebec City signed an agreement in 1998 to negotiate, among other things, the common management of the territory and the sharing of the territory`s revenues. Despite these agreements, Quebec and The Canadian governments have consistently refused to keep their promises and have allowed several logging companies to clear large areas without consulting the Community. Each year, about $100,000,000 is produced in this region through forestry, hydropower and rural tourism; the barrier the lake community receives a penny. Again this year, the Quebec Ministry of Natural Resources granted approvals to large timber-cutting companies without meaningful consultation with the Michikanibikok Inik Algonquins (in violation of the pioneering agreements signed).